Lord Suryan is the main god in Navagraha Logam.All the other navagraha revolves around him.Lot of temples for Lord Suryan is around India.Famous ones being Suryanayanar Koil in Aduthurai near Kumbakonam,Tamil nadu,Konarak Temple in Orissa.
Two kilometres north of Aaduthurai lies Suryanayanar Koil. It is situated on the road between Kumbakonam and Kadhiramangalam and 15 km to the east of Kumbakonam. There are two other holy places near Suryanar Koil - Thirumangalakudi and Kanjanur. Of the nine grahas, the primary position is given to Lord Surya which is why the first day of the week is said to be Sunday. The seven days of the week refer to the seven grahas, including the Sani Bhagawan. The eighth graha is Raaghu. Of the seven days in a week, 10 hours are reserved for Raaghu, i.e., one-and-a-half hours per day. This one-and-a-half hours is what we call as 'Raaghu kalam'. The ninth graha is called Kedhu. Like for Raaghu, the same amount of time is reserved for Kedhu also. This one-and-a-half hours is called 'Yama kandam'.
Raaghu kalam and Yama kandam are believed to be inappropriate for performing auspicious deeds.
Sree Surya Puranam When the world came into existence, the first sound that reverbrated was 'Om'. Suryan was born from this 'Omkara naadham'. Sree Markandeya Puranam has explained this factor. Suryan was the son of Sage Kashyap and was the grandson of Sage Maarisi. Surya married Soorvarsala, the daughter of Viswakarma. Vaivasvatha Manu and Yamadharmarajan were his sons and Yamuna, his daughter. It should be mentioned here that the chariot of Surya has only one wheel. It is drawn by seven horses in seven colours. Lord Surya, who is the chief of the grahas, appears with a lotus in his divine hands. Surya Bhagawan blesses his devotees with good health, fame and efficient management.
The temple The tower of the temple is 15.5 metre in height and consists of three tiers. At the top of the tower are five domes. To the north of the rajagopuram lies the sacred bathing ghat, called Surya Pushkarni. It is important to bathe in this ghat before offering worship at the temple. If not, one should at least sprinkle its water on one's head.
Special features of the temple All the grahas face Surya Bhagawan in this temple. As soon as one enters the temple, there is a sacrificial platform (bali peetam ). To its east lies a mandap where one can see an idol of a horse. The Lord's vehicle is the horse (vaahanam) which goes by the name 'Saptha, meaning seven in Sanskrit. The one-wheeled chariot is drawn by seven horses.
As soon as one enters the temple one sees the shrine of 'Khol Theertha Vinayakar'. After worshipping the Vinayakar, one can worship Kasi Viswanathar and Sree Visalakshi Ammaiyar. Surya Bhagawan is found in a lying posture inside the sanctum sanctorum with Usha and Parathyusha (Chaya Devi ).
There are steps in front of Guru Bhagwan which leads to the idols of other grahas. After worshipping these grahas, one is supposed to worship Khol Theertha Vinayakar again. Then comes the flag mast, and after worshipping it, one should circumambulate the temple. Those who worship Surya Bhagwan and Lord Siva in this temple are blessed with prosperity. It is the only Navagraha temple where the other eight grahas can also be found along with the main one. Those who are affected by 'Graha Dhosham' can come to this temple for the antidote (pariharam). Those who are afflicted with the malefic influence of Sani, Ashtama Sani and Janma Sani can visit this temple and be relieved of their sufferings.
0 reduce the fury of Surya Bhagawan, Guru Bhagawan appears in the standing posture in front of the former.
If one bathes in the nine ghats in this place continuously for 12 Sundays, they will be saved from sufferings and blessed with a happy and peaceful life.
According to Atharvana Veda, one who worships Surya Bhagawan will be relieved from diseases pertaining to the eyes and heart. This temple is open from 6 a.m. to 12.30 p.m. and 4 p.m. to 8 p.m. on all days.
Requirements for worshipping the Lord Flower - Senthamarai (Red Lotus)
Samith (sacrificial fuel ) - Erukku ( madar plant )
Dhaniyam (grain) - Wheat
Vasthram - Lotus red
Neivedhyam - Sakkarai pongal
SUN is the father of all the planets and it is a clear view god so that only peoples are praying the Sun in their daily life. In olden days peoples are believe ,by praying the sun we can neglect the eyesight problems . In the world each and every things are binding the god Sun. If the sun has produce overheat then people cannot alive in this world and if it is rise later peoples become lazier.
Source - Speaking Tree